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    The Symptoms and Treatment of Schizotypal Personality Disorder

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    We have all encountered individuals in our lives that do not want to be around large groups of people. Some individuals are not very comfortable spending a great deal of time with lots of people. They enjoy closer, smaller gatherings where they are not overwhelmed by a lot of different people. There are some individuals that really suffer from severe, acute distress when they are faced in situations where there are around a lot of people. These individuals also suffer from various types of distortions with their thoughts and the way that perceive certain things in their life. Others may also notice that they seem to be very eccentric as well. These individuals may be suffering from what is called schizotypal personality disorder.

    The following information will break down the symptoms of this personality disorder as they are defined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Some of the key behaviors that are seen were just mentioned at the start of this article. The rest are as follows. Remember that they must meet at least five of these symptoms.

    1.) Will have ideas of reference
    2.) They have odd beliefs and these seem to really influence their behaviors.
    3.) There perceptual experiences are very odd as well
    4.) Thinking and speech are very odd
    5.) Suspicious of others and very paranoid
    6.) Their affect is generally very inappropriate or it may be constricted all together
    7.) They look very odd and different
    8.) They do not have any close friends other than their relatives
    9.) Continually anxious and this does not go away when they are in familiar situations.

    These symptoms do not occur during the course of schizophrenia or another condition
    Such as a mood disorder.

    There are a few different types of treatment that can be tried in order to help someone deal with these symptoms. The treatment options should be examined in great detail in order to determine which treatment option is the best as each individual may respond differently to each type of treatment.


    1.) Counseling is often offered as a way to improve the individuals thinking and their behavior. It might be a great way to confront some of the inappropriate thinking that may be taking place. Counseling can really help someone with this personality disorder improve their social skills so that they are able to get along with others.
    2.) Some antipsychotic medications can be given as a way to decrease some of the negative thinking patterns that are witnessed but these are really the only medications that are given for these individuals.
    3.) A combination of both of these things may be recommended for individuals that are suffering from very severe symptoms. This may be needed in order to help maintain safety as well for individuals that may be