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    Psychiatric Medications

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    Introduction of Psychiatric Medications

    If you have recently found out that you, or someone that you love, is suffering from any type of mental illness or life changes that are difficult to handle, you may be considering the use of psychiatric medications.  These medications are often used by psychiatrists to help combat a number of different mental illnesses.  But, there are numerous different medications that can be used and prescribed by professionals.  Each medication will have a different side effect on the individuals that are using them.  Some are also more effective than others when it comes to certain types of illnesses and situations.  Therefore, it is important to work closely with a psychiatrist or doctor when it comes time to fine the correct medication for you, or your loved one.  This article will touch upon some of the different medications that can be given so that you can always make an informed decision when it comes to your own mental health.

    Antipsychotic Medications

    These medications are often called major tranquilizers.  They are also called neuroleptics.  They have been on the market since approximately 1950.  They are generally placed into a few different categories.  A brief breakdown will be given here:

    1.)     Typicals – these were the first ones that were developed and they include medications such as haloperidol or even chrolpromazine.

    2.)    Atypicals – these are actually newer and they include drugs such as abilify and zyprexa.

    3.)    Clozapine – this was the first antipsychotic medication that was created and it has been found to be very effective when it comes to treating schizophrenia.  However, individuals that are using this medication will need to be monitored all of the time and they need to be monitored very closely because it can cause a large decrease in white cells within the person that is using this medication.

    It is very interesting to know that most of the antipsychotic medications that are given to these

    Individuals need to be given at night because it will make the person very drowsy.  Another side effect for some of these medications is the fact that it can cause erectile dysfunction for some of the individuals that are taking this medication.

    Medications that fall into this category will often be administered in a few different ways.  There are many individuals that will get their medications in the form of pills.  This is great because it allows the individual the freedom to be able to have control over their situation.  It also means that many of the side effects that can be experienced will be less severe.  However, there are some individuals that do not take their medications on a regular basis like they are supposed to.  This creates a lot of problems when it comes to follow through and improvement in behaviors and moods.  In situations like this, there are many individuals that will get their medications in the form of shots that are given every several weeks.  This is a great way to ensure that the person is taking their medication the way that they are should. However, it is very important to remember that the person will most likely suffer from side effects that are difficult to reverse if they are getting their medications like this.

    Reasons people may take these medications:

    There are many times when individuals find out that they need to take an antipsychotic medication, or they find out that a loved one is taking these medications, and they automatically assume that they are crazy.  This is not true.  There are times when these medications may be give as a mild sedative.  They may also be given in order to help offset some of the effects that are felt in relation to depression.  Just remember that medications have come a long way and just because you are taking an antipsychotic medication does not mean that you are crazy or that your loved one is suffering from a mental illness such as schizophrenia.  Investigating the reason for this medication use is always advised to help decrease negative beliefs.

    Antidepressant Medications

    Antidepressant medications will fall into a few different categories just like the antipsychotic medications do. You may have heard of some of them.  They are often called MAOI’s, SSRI’s, or even Tricyclic.  Some of these names are very common to individuals that work around medications all of the time.  You may have even heard some of these names on the television or the radio.  It is very interesting to know that most of the time, SSRI’s are prescribed when someone is dealing with depression.  These are the medications that are the most commonly used to help individuals that are dealing with this type of disorder.  They work by decreasing the amount of serotonin that is absorbed into the body.  This makes the person feel much better and it helps to decrease the depression that was once experienced.

    Side Effects of Antidepressant medications

    1.)     Some people become very agitated when they are taking these types of medications.

    2.)    Others will report that they do not feel very well when they try to stop taking these medications.

    3.)    Some individuals report that they develop anorgasmia while taking these medications.

    Why You May Take Antidepressants

    1.)    Depression

    2.)    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

    3.)    Anxiety

    4.)    Eating Disorders like anorexia or bulimia

    Any individual that is given these types of medications should take the time to really talk to their

    doctor about how the medications are taken, how long they may take to work and what some possible side effects could be.  This really will help you have a much more positive result when you are taking these medications.  In general, many of these medications are taken in the morning.  They can contribute to weight gain while they are being taken and you may also want to know that it could take up to six weeks before you begin to notice any results from these medications.  That alone, combined with the fact that you may feel ill when you stop taking them, is why you should never stop taking your medications without speaking to a health care professional first.

    Mood Stabilizers

    It probably comes as no surprise to you that many individuals are given mood stabilizers when they are suffering from mood disorders such as bipolar disorder.  Lithium is a very common mood stabilizer that is often given to individuals that are dealing with an unstable mood.  It can be very beneficial to these individuals, but it can also be very dangerous if it is taken in to large of a dose.  Therefore, is may be a very good idea of someone that is taking this type of medication to be evaluated by a professional on a regular, and consistent basis.

    It may be very interesting for many individuals to realize that they may be given a mood stabilizer for a variety of different reasons.  The following will give a few of the most common reasons why someone may be given these medications.

    Reasons Why:

    1.)     Schizoeffective Disorder

    2.)    Bipolar Disorder

    3.)    Impulse Control Disorders and Behaviors

    The main thing that needs to be remembered when it comes to psychiatric medications

    is that different individuals, with the same conditions may actually be given different medications to help them combat the symptoms that they are dealing with.  This is because every person is different.  There may be other things that need to be taken into consideration as well related to other medical issues.  They may have tried different medications and had very little results, or really negative side effects.  Therefore, this must be considered at all times.  It is not good to compare yourself to others.

    Finally, professionals should not give medications to individuals that have not been found to be effective through research.  This can be very dangerous and you should not experiment with medications that are not fully understood.  Also, if you are suffering from any negative side effects, you should contact your health care professional immediately in order to determine what is normal and what may need to be changed.